Pope: Cardinal Pell Head of new Vatican Economic Office

For the record...
The Holy Father today announced a new coordination structure for economic and administrative affairs of the Holy See and the Vatican State.

Today's announcement comes after the recommendations of the rigorous review conducted by the Pontifical Commission for Reference on the Organization of the Economic- Administrative Structure of the Holy See (COSEA) were considered and endorsed by both the Council of 8 Cardinals established to advise the Holy Father on governance and the Committee of 15 Cardinals which oversees the financial affairs of the Holy See.

COSEA recommended changes to simplify and consolidate existing management structures and improve coordination and oversight across the Holy See and Vatican City State. COSEA also recommended more formal commitment to adopting accounting standards and generally accepted financial management and reporting practices as well as enhanced internal controls, transparency and governance.

The changes will enable more formal involvement of senior and experienced experts in financial administration, planning and reporting and will ensure better use of resources, improving the support available for various programs, particularly our works with the poor and marginalized.

The changes announced by the Holy Father include:

1. Establishment of a new Secretariat for the Economy which will have authority over all economic and administrative activities within the Holy See and the Vatican City State. The Secretariat will be responsible, among other things, for preparing an annual budget for the Holy See and Vatican City State as well as financial planning and various support functions such as human resources and procurement. The Secretariat will also be required to prepare detailed financial statements of the Holy See and Vatican State.

2. The Secretariat for the Economy will implement policies determined by a new Council for the Economy - a 15 member Council comprised of 8 Cardinals or Bishops, reflecting various parts of the world and seven lay experts of different nationalities with strong professional financial experience. The Council will meet on a regular basis and to consider policies and practices and to prepare and analyze reports on the economic-administrative activities of the Holy See.

3. The Secretariat for the Economy will be headed by a Cardinal Prefect reporting to the Council for the Economy. He will be supported by a Secretary-General in the management of day to day activities.

4. The Holy Father has appointed Cardinal Pell, the current Archbishop of Sydney, Australia, to the role of Prefect of the Secretariat for the Economy. Details for Cardinal Pell are attached.

5. New arrangements also include the appointment of an Auditor-General, appointed by the Holy Father who will be empowered to conduct audits of any agency of the Holy See and Vatican City State at any time.

6. The changes will confirm the role of APSA as the Central bank of the Vatican with all the obligations and responsibilities of similar institutions around the world.

7. The AIF will continue to undertake its current and critical role of prudential supervision and regulation of activities within the Holy See and Vatican City State.

The Prefect of the new Secretariat for the Economy has been asked to start work as soon as possible. He will prepare the final statutes and other related matters with the assistance of any necessary advisors and will work with COSEA to complete the implementation of these changes approved by the Holy Father.

*subhead*Official Statement.*subhead*


  1. Anyone who works in the corporate world will tell you that re-organizations like the one described above usually have more effect outwardly than inwardly.

    The problem, usually, is that the processes that keep the enterprise running grow organically over time in response to issues or opportunities as they arise. These changes are usually not very well documented, as this takes time and effort better spent on essential tasks. Each ad-hoc change in itself is not complex, but all added together, over the years, it results in a huge amount of complexity that no one person is able to understand. Expertise and institutional knowledge ends up residing in the people and small units that execute the day-to-day tasks. The core enterprise processes really take on a life of their own with no one person actually directing its growth and management.

    Getting a big-picture understanding of problems and issues becomes extremely difficult in this environment. It breeds turf wars and knowledge-hoarding that results in poor intra-group communication and suspicion. The culture inside the enterprise develops a kind of immunity against effective top-down management: to effect a real change is to risk killing the enterprise itself.

    In this instance, most enterprises do what the Vatican has done: call in outside experts to examine the inner-workings as best they can, identify major fail-points, suggest possible solutions, and make recommendations on how to move forward. Sometimes this approach works in helping some aspects of the enterprise improve. Often, it quietly fails many months down the road, the real win being the outward show that something was done. In the corporate world, that is usually enough to make stockholders and bondholders feel better, as long as problems of the enterprise stay out of the news


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